aktif-karbonActivated carbon is used in the water as Color, taste, odor remover, as well as in organic and non-organic contamination. Carbon minerals, whose surface area is increased about 100 times by the activation process, absorb organic substances and filter them. There are two kinds of carbon minerals with very low density.
GAC (Granular Activated Carbon)
PAC (Powdered Activated Carbon)
The most commonly used raw materials for the production of activated carbon; Coconut shells, coal, wood and oil residues.
Most of the raw materials used for activation normally have an internal surface area of 10 – 20 m2 / gram in the untreated state.
The activation process is to expose the carbon to a controlled oxidation using steam, thus achieving a highly improved state of the inner surface area.
The increase of the internal surface area between 700-1500 m 2 / g depends on the process conditions and the type of raw material used.
The inner surface area is formed by a highly developed network of holes with different diameters.
In all active carbon constructions; Micro, meso and macro holes.
These systems are Single and double and triplex.
In systems, the concentration of free chlorine and total organic matter in raw water, and hourly and daily concentration , is very important.
When the system is designed according to needs, it should be checked which system is more economical.
Active carbon filters also use PE tank tanks or steel tanks with epoxy coating as in other systems.
The only changing point in systems is the working principles of automation systems.
These systems, which can be time controlled, volume controlled, electronic panel controlled (microprocessor), pneumatic or manual, can be used in both tank models.